Java or Python which is better to learn?

Java or Python which is better to learn?

After interacting with many beginners and freshers we came across a common questions that baffles everyone in this field. “If I should learn java or python?”. “Java or Python which is better for future”. “Which language has wider scope?”. “Do companies prefer java person or python person?”. In today’s world with the availability of multiple languages which language to choose is a tough question. Some are very clear with their choices while some keep on wondering. Every programming language has it own merits and demerits. They have different uses based on their features.

When you are new to programming you get the question of which language to choose? Which language will make my career brighter?. Choosing a language isn’t about it being easy or hard. All languages are essentially the same and can do the same thing in different ways. In case of Java and Python, both languages are good, but certain features differentiate them. 

What is programming?

At first let’s see what is programming. Programming is basically a way of writing set of instructions to solve a particular problem. It can be termed as an automization process to implement your idea of solving a problem statement. Then you can convert your idea into a list of steps called the algorithm. There are many programming languages and many different types of computers but the first step is to have the solution. Without a solution there can be no program.

Now let’s see what java and python actually are.

JAVA

java or python which one is better for future

Java is a object oriented programming language developed and released in 1995. Most of developers all around the world use java making it the most popular programming language. Most of android applications are based on Java as is able to run on any hardware and operating system. Its syntax is similar to C/C++. Java helps you make GUI applications with Swing and desktop applications by JavaFX. It requires any IDE for the programs to be executed.

Also Read : Why to Learn Programming?

PYTHON

java or python which one is better for future

Python is an interactive, object-oriented, and high-level programming language and was released in 1991. It is an easily readable language and uses English words unlike other languages. It uses whitespace indentation, rather than curly brackets and doesn’t use semicolons to end statements. Python is a great language for the beginner-level programmers and supports the development of a wide range of applications from simple text processing to WWW browsers to games. It supports GUI applications and is widely used in scientific computing, data mining and machine learning. It is a good stepping stone for moving on and learning other object-oriented languages. A simple program is solved in both languages in different ways like:

Java Syntax

class Main{
    public static void main(String... args) {
          System.out.println("Welcome to Error Free Program!");
    }
}

Python Syntax

print("Welcome to Error Free Program!")

Python is suitable for Games, image processing, graphic designing, and language development, machine learning apps, operating systems and prototyping. Java is suitable for mobile applications, enterprise solutions and embedded systems, desktop GUI Apps. Java comes with Java Virtual Machine (JVM) and takes lesser time for code execution. While, Python is an interpreted language and determines the type of data at run time which makes it slower. Therefore, for the development of heavy applications, Java is more preferred. Both of them have their own advantages and disadvantages. Here are some differences between them-

JavaPython
Compiled LanguageInterpreted Language
Statically typedDynamically typed
Uses curly braces to define the beginning and end of each functionWhitespace indentation to separate code into separate blocks
Stable connectivityWeak connectivity
More line of codeLess lines of code
More number of frameworksLess number of frameworks
Complex syntaxEasy syntax
(JDBC) Java Database Connectivity is most popularPython’s database access is weaker than Java’s JDBC

So which one to choose?

Both languages have large communities to support, they’re both open source. This means that coders are constantly fixing bugs with the languages and updating them. Where Python is simple and concise, Java is quick and more portable. Java and Python are both powerful in their own fields. It depends upon what your target is. If you are choosing for Desktop GUI applications, app development, web development then you have to prefer for Java. But if you are choosing for Data analysis, machine learning, Artificial Intelligence then Python is the best option.

java or python which one is better for future

It’s all about your aim that will help you select the language. If you’re aiming to persue career in cyber security you should defintely go for python only. If you’re interested in softwares and applications then you should go for java as it is fast. Clear your vision first and then go with the language. So what do you think Java or Python which is better for future of yours?

Also Read : Best Programming languages to learn.

Conclusion

I hope this blog helped you in selecting appropriate language for you. And also solved your java or python which one is better for future? If yes then do tell us in the comment section below. And also share this blog with your confused friends who wants to get started with a programming language.

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