Everyone has to start somewhere. That’s the first thing to remember about programming and software development, especially if you’re just learning a new language. Although there are hundreds of programming languages, but we suggest you to learn few languages and master them. Each programming language is designed for a specific purpose and has its relative merits and demerits. So which ones to choose to begin with? If you want to start a career as a programmer, then below are some best programming languages to learn to begin with programming.
C is a general-purpose, procedural computer programming language developed in 1972. C programming is considered as the base for other programming languages, that is why it is known as mother language. We create hardware devices, OS, drivers, kernels, etc using C. It is machine independent, easy to learn, structured language. Also it produces efficient programs, that can handle low-level activities and can be compiled on a variety of computer platforms.
C++ is an extension of C language. It is widely used in Application Software Development, Programming Languages Development, Game Development, Embedded System, etc. C++ is a MUST for students to become a great Software Engineer.
Java is a class-based, object-oriented programming language developed and released in 1995. Most of developers all around the world use java making it the most popular programming language. Most of android applications are based on Java as is able to run on any hardware and operating system. Its syntax is similar to C/C++. Java helps you make GUI applications with Swing and desktop applications by JavaFX. Any IDE can execute java programs.
Python is an interactive, object-oriented, and high-level programming language and was released in 1991. It is an easily readable language and uses English words unlike other languages. It uses whitespace indentation, rather than curly brackets and doesn’t use semicolons to end statements. Python is a great language for the beginner-level programmers. It supports the development of a wide range of applications from simple text processing to WWW browsers to games. It supports GUI applications. And also scientific computing, data mining and machine learning uses it on large scale. It is a good stepping stone for moving on and learning other object-oriented languages.
C# (pronounced “C sharp”) is an object-oriented programming language from Microsoft. It is a simple, modern, general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. It’s based on C and C++ programming. It runs on .NET platform and video games development uses this language.
PHP is a server side scripting programming language created in 1994. It is beginner-friendly since it’s easy to understand and implement. PHP is the core of the biggest blogging system on the web (WordPress)! Web development and web based software applications uses PHP. Embedded in HTML, it is a server side scripting language. Also it helps handling elements in database and data encryption. It is flexible and works on any operating system.
Ruby is pure object oriented programming language developed in 1990s. Just like Python, Ruby is simple and readable. Ruby has similar syntax to that of many programming languages like C and Java. It is an interpreted scripting language which means most of its implementations execute instructions directly and freely, without previously compiling a program into machine-language instructions. Websites, web-based applications, and mobile applications can be developed with Ruby.
8. R programming
R is programming language and software environment for statistical analysis, graphics representation, which encourages the developer to develop new ideas. It is an open source software, which works best on GNU, Linux and Microsoft Windows. The application of this language is in the field of Data Science, Statistical Computing and Machine Learning. It is also known as the future programming language. It runs on all operating systems.
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These were the best programming languages to learn which will help you grow as beginner. It is better to learn one programming language at time. This will avoid confusion and will also help you know more about that language.
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